First Foot Guards
first Battle of Saratoga
225th anniversary event
The life and times of John Burgoyne
Loyalist John Freeman
He joined the Loyalist forces, only to battle on his own land!
Benedict Arnold's leg
More on Freeman's Farm and Bemis
The Brunswickers at Saratoga
Wonderful support from the municipal, county and federal officials. The Saratoga County Board of Supervisors are fiscally supporting this event and it is their focus of the "Tribute to Freedom" celebration. Everything is lined up for a successful event.
This is going to be the last communication through print and everything else will be communicated through the Victory at Saratoga web site for updates at:
http://www.victoryatsaratoga.comlremembrance.htm Ask a member in your unit to check the web site a day or two before you leave and if you need web access visit your local library.
We need the detailed returns no later than September 1st. In this mailing is a post card with information about your current returns. We ask that you review this information, correct it, and send in the information so that we have proper supplies to meet your needs.
Saratoga NHP is located 40 miles north of Albany, the state capital, and some 15 miles southeast of Saratoga Springs.
From Montreal and points north - get oft the Northway (1-87) at Exit 14 and follow signs for Route 29 East to Schuylerville where the Schuyler House (south end of town)and Saratoga Monument (south part, uphill on Rt. 3381 Burgoyne Rd.)are located. Eight miles south on Route 4 you will find the main entrance to the Battlefield. Go beyond the main entrance and turn right on Route 423 (at Bemis Heights) and you will enter the park at the first turn oft on the right - about I mile up the hill at the South Gate. From Albany and points south - get off the Northway (1-87) at Exit 12, and follow the park signs to the Battlefield. At the end of the exit ramp you will turn right and at the second traffic light (there is a gazebo on the left) you will turn left on Route 9 North. At the second traffic light (beyond the Car Racing Track and at the Ripe Tomato Restaurant) you will turn right on to Route 9P. Follow 9P along Saratoga Lake - for a few miles (you will go by County Route 76 and a Stewart's Shoppe) and then you will take a Right on to NYA23 toward Bemis Heights. After you past the fire station, you will come to route 32 (signs point to the National Park) BUT you need to stay on NYA23 for an additional 1.5 miles until you reach the South Gate (on the left) to the National Park. There will be a tent set up for registration.
From points east or west - use Route 29 to Schuylerville.
Note - During the Remembrance Event public parking will be at the Gerald B.H. Solomon Saratoga National Cemetery follow the directions as listed above and look for signs to the cemetery and event parking.
Encampment [Latest info dated 12 august 2002]
The 225th Remembrance of the Battles of Saratoga camps will open on Thursday, September 27 at 3 pm and you can depart any time after mid-afternoon on Sunday. The camping area must be cleared by lOAM on Monday, September 30. The registration will be at the south gate entrance and it is important that everyone register. The American encampment will be on tour road Stop 2 and the British encampment will be on tour road Stop 8
Information regarding your camp, company designation, and camp and kitchen areas will be disclosed at the registration area. If you arrive in the middle of the night, please seek out and wake a Quartermaster. Their tents will be conspicuously placed and labeled. You may bring your vehicle into temporarily parking adjacent to the camps until 8:30 am Saturday. After this time there will be no vehicles allowed into camp or in the temporary parking area. Please remember to DRIVE WITH CARE in and around the camps where there are a lot of children attending this weekend.
The site rules will include: NO PETS in Camp, NO DIGGING ANYWHERE ON THE SITE, "Pot-hunting" or taking away any part of the site is strictly prohibited.
The site is providing firewood, water, straw and Port-a-johns near the camps.
In order to put forth the best possible image we will be policing the camps prior to their opening to the public. Unit commanders should advise all members to comply with the QM S requests regarding the following circumstances: no bailed straw around camp as seats - only in tents, use straw only in tents - NOT around outside, coolers to be kept out of sight - preferable in tents, no modern bottles in sight during public hours, no flags or camp colors other than those designated by Army Commander, keep excess camp furniture to a MINIMUM, and use lantern posts only at night.
The kitchens flys will be set in a line without regard to their respective battalions. Due to space constraints we must limit each unit to one kitchen fly and cannot allow empty spaces. The line will be filled from one end to the other. Space for wedges to store provisions will be factored into one side of the fly row.
ALL COOKING FIRES ARE TO USE ESTABLISHED FIRE RINGS. THERE WILL BE NO UNATTENDED FIRES. All burning fires must have a fire bucket full of water and a blanket adjacent at all times. The no digging rule also means that you must dispose of trash or food refuse in trash bags, either putting them near the water truck or carrying them out of the Park. Trash bags will be provided. No garbage is to be burned in the fire rings.
The encampment will be open to the public during the day on Saturday from 9 am to 4 pm and on Sunday from 10 to 2:30 pm. We ask that you keep everything 18th century during the public hours. The camps will have National Park Protection Rangers and volunteers in them during the day to keep visitors out of tents. There will be Protection Rangers on duty 24 hours a day. However, please secure your tents. We request that you do not break camp until 2:30 pm on Sunday and keep your vehicles on the perimeter of camp and carry gear out of camp.
The weather in New York at that time of year is changeable. For example, the weather last year on these days had a low of 43 and a high of 63.
MODERN LODGING AND RESOURCES
The following is a listing of modern lodging and restaurants available in the Saratoga Area. This list is provided for your convenience and does not constitute any endorsement of the establishments listed. A more comprehensive list can be found at w'~w.Saratoga.org
· Burgoyne Motor Inn 220 Broad Street, Schuylerville, NY (518) 695-3282
· Old Saratoga Motor Inn 177 Broad Street, Schuylerville, NY (518)695-9997
· Dovegate Inn 184 Broad Street, Schuylerville, NY (518) 695-3699
· Saratoga Super 8 Motel 17 Old Glick Road, Saratoga Springs, NY (518)
Dovegate inn 184 Broad Street, Schuylerville, NY (518)695-3699 (upscale)
· Schuyler Pantry Broad Street, Schuylerville, NY (Sandwiches and Soups)
· Parting Glass, 42 Lake Avenue, Saratoga Springs (Irish Pub)
· Malta Diner Route 9, Malta (Diner)
· Ripe Tomato Route 9 and 9p, Malta (American)
· Monument Pizza Route 4 (Broad Street) in Schuylerville and Stillwater (Pizza)
Food and Ice
· Byron's IGA Market, Broad Street in Schuylerville
· Price Chopper, Route 9, Malta
· Stewarts Shoppe, Route 4 (Broad Street) in Schuylerville and Stillwater and along Route 9P in Stillwater.
Security and safety are big concerns for this and all events. We need everyone to be aware and report any odd or unusual situations. The second concern is walk-ons. We need to police ourselves. Help the first sergeants when they call rolls and read the orders. If you see something odd, don't let it go, let the command staff know. We need your help. Finally there is the issue of safety. Different scenarios have different rules of operations. Listen to the orders for each scenarios! Look out for your safety and the safety of the spectators. If you are not certain about something - don't do it. Just do not fire. We are counting on your experience and good judgment to make this event work. We need to keep an eye out for each other.
Emergency Numbers - Best Number to call is Saratoga National Historical Park
- (518) 664-9821 press 1. Secondary Numbers include: Saratoga County
Sheriff's Office (518) 885~761 and the Select Regiment's Cell Phone - (518)
The safety guidelines are those of the NPS which does not allow opposed firings. If you have a problem with your musket, dump the load and fix it the problem. If you have a problem beyond the typical readjust a flint or cleaning a touch hole during the weapons demonstration, move to a safe area and ask for assistance from a National Park Historic Weapons Officer.
In general the rules are similar to what you are all familiar with: reproduction muskets (no Belgium Reproduction Flintlocks), frizzen covers and flash guards. Cartridges not to exceed 110 grains and each unit is responsible for providing their own powder. The powder must not be rolled with newsprint, staples, glue or tape.
Special for this event - Each unit will be responsible for providing a metal ammunition box (Army surplus is fine) to hold the black powder cartridges for your unit. The metal ammunition boxes will be keep in a central magazine in each camp or demonstration area. Participants before a demonstration will retrieve the required cartridges from their unit ammunition box. At the end of the demonstration, all unused cartridges will be returned to the ammunition box in the magazine. This will operate very similar to events at the Parks Canada site -Fortress Louisburg (which has hosted two large F&l events.) It takes a little time, but it keep tracks of the black powder on the site.
Participants are requested to
dress in authentic/appropriate clothing for theBurgoyne Campaign. There will be
no clothing inspection but units arerequested to make a good faith effort to try
to interpret this time period.
Thursday, September 26
· Encampment Set-up starts at 3 p.m.
· Talk - Communities in Uniform - Join Henry Cook, a revolutionary War Historian, as he discusses the personal histories of members of the 10th Mass. Regiment, which served during the Battles of Saratoga. The program at 7:30 p.m. at the Olympia Hall, Broad Street, Schuylerville
Friday, September 27
· Encampment Set-up
· Tentative Morning Television News -5-7 a.m.
· Education Program - We are looking for volunteers to help with the education program at the visitors center starting a 9 am and finishing at about 2:30 pm. Volunteers are needed to drill the children, explain 18th Century trades and arts. We have invited 4th Grade classrooms from Stillwater and Schuylerville (the neighboring school districts) to share in the remembrance. Please volunteer by making a notation on the return form.
· Tentative Opening Reception - Noon at the Visitors' Center
· 8 p.m. Officer's Call in respective camps
· 8:30 p.m. 1&t Sergeant's Call for the Continentals
Saturday, September 28
· 7:00 a.m.- Reveille
· 8:30 a.m.- Cars Out of Camp
· 9:30-3; 00 p.m. Encampment and Interpretive Areas Open Interpretive Areas will include
The Northern Army - Tour Road Stop #2
Engineers and Sappers
Militia and Levies
· ~ 10 a.m. Salon Talk - An informational talk among reenactors regarding women's fashion focusing on jackets, short gowns & bed gowns. Please share your pattern suggestions and finished wears. (Check for more details at registration & the l8cWomen Internet list)
~ 1:30 p.m. - Sergeants' Wives Tea - A simple affair (no fine clothes needed to attend) offering us a chance to get together, camp women and the respectable ladies, to chat and enjoy light refreshments. Any baked goods or tea are welcome.
Artillery - Tour Road Stop #3
Artillery Demonstration at Bemis Height
Anglo-Allied Forces - Tour Road Stop #8
British Field Hospital
British Foot Companies
Fraser's Advanced Corps
· After 3 p.m. - it is important that you have an early dinner 5:45 p.m Early Evening Demonstration of the Attack on Breymann's Redoubt and Memorial Services (Buses will be provided)
Sunday, September 29
· 7:15 a.m. Transportation starts to site of the Tactical
· 8 a.m. Tactical Battle Off Site for Reenactors only
· lOam TacticalEnds
· 10 a.m. Town Life Area - Tristram Shandy Sewing Circle - Tristram Shandy has proven to be a great read because you can start in any chapter and still figure out what's going on. It is a hilariously funny book. It was very common for women to gather to sew while someone reads to them. Please join in the fun and work on some of your projects while enjoying the humor of Lawrence Stern's Tristram Shandy.
· TBA Church Service in respective camps
· 11:30 a.m. Limited Encampment and Interpretive Areas Open
· 1:30 p.m. Encampment and Interpretive Areas Closed
· 2:30 p.m. Tactical Demonstration on Barber's Wheat Field (buses provided)
0 Non-combatants are requested to assist with the crowd control and interpretation during the Tactical Demonstration.
· 4 p.m. Reenactors Pack Up for Trip Home.
The focus of the 225th Remembrance of the Batt1es of Saratoga is interpretation. We are asking units to work in one of the interpretation areas listed above - this will be noted on your postcard.
If your any additional questions about the 225th Remembrance of the Battles of Saratoga please direct them to Sean Kelleher, Select Regiments of Saratoga, 50 Pinewood Avenue, Albany, NY 12208, or email a request for application in an electronic form to firstname.lastname@example.org. If you have any questions call (518) 438-9113. Thank you for your interest and I hope that you will join us in celebrating the Turning Point of the American Revolution
Philadelphia, August 6, 1777
Sir I am directed by the most Honorable the Congrefs of the United States to apply to the Executive Power of the State for a reinforcement of feven hundred and fifty militia to be immediately fent to the Head Quarters of the Northern Army. The critical fituation of public affairs renders it unnecefsary for me to urge your patriotic ftate to the most expeditious compliance with Requisition. I hope it will be fufficient to fay, That the Northern Army, if timely reinforced, may, by the blefsing of Devine Providence, obtain a Victory over our implacable Enemies, and prevent that ravage and mifery, with the horror of which they vainly hope to awe the Eastern States into unconditional Submifsion.
Confident, Sir, of your zeal and attachment to the common caufe, I rest fatisfied of your exerting your beft Endeavours to Serve your devoted country.
With great refpect, I have the honor to be
Your Obedt, humle, Servt,
Dear Unit Commander
You have read all the history books. You know the importance of the Battle of Saratoga, the Turning Point of the American Revolution. You all know how the actions on these fields decided the first significant American military victory during the Revolution. Many of you even know that Battles of Saratoga rank among the fifteen most decisive battles in world history. Here in 1777, American forces met, defeated and forced a major British army to surrender, an event that led France to recognize the independence of the United States and enter the war as our military ally.
We would like for your regiment to join with the Select Regiments of Saratoga in celebrating the 225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga. The actions made many years ago by common men seized the freedom that we all enjoy today are important to remember and honor. We believe that we can work together to plan an historical event where we can keep our heritage alive. This event is important to remind people about the sacrifices made to light freedom’s flame.
Saratoga was the turning point. 225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga will commemorate the confrontations that have been recognized as the most decisive battles of the past millennium the Turning Point of the American Revolution through encampments, tactical battlefield demonstrations, and commemorative observances. This is the only event that is being planned in partnership with the National Park Service.
225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga will beheld September 27-29, 2002.
The event is designed to transport the observer to another time and place to better understand how these common men played an important role in these crucial days in history the Turning Point of the American Revolution. It will be a weekend of energetic, colorful activity.
We aim to attract 600 living history demonstrators who will portray participants in the Burgoyne Campaign. The weekend will include demonstrations of colonial life, military drills, marches, battle tactical demonstrations, music and other entertainment in keeping with the event.
An application form is attached to this letter and should be returned to the Select Regiments no later than November 30, 2001. Your unit has been asked to apply in the first round of applications. Your prompt return with accurate participant numbers will allow us to invite additional units. This event is by invitation only and participation is limited. We are accepting only group applications. Individual living history demonstrators must be affiliated with a group. This letter/form is an application for invitation.
All groups must have insurance; please send proof of insurance with your application.
Added rule for this event - Each unit will be responsible for providing a metal ammunition box (Army surplus is fine) to hold the black powder cartridges for your unit. The metal ammunition boxes will be kept in a central magazine in each camp or demonstration area. Participants before a demonstration will retrieve the required cartridges from their unit ammunition. box. At the end of the demonstration, all unused cartridges will be returned to the ammunition box in the magazine. This will operate very similar to events at the Parks Canada site - Fortress Louisbourg (which has hosted two large F&I events.)
225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga
Tentative Event Schedule
Thursday, September 26
Friday, September 27
Education Program to be determined
Saturday, September 28
9:30 – 3: 00 pm Encampment and Interpretive Areas Open
Interpretive Areas will include
The Northern Army
Engineers and Sappers
Militia and Levies
British Field Hospital
British Foot Companies
Loyalist and Indians
5:45 pm Early Evening Demonstration of the Attack on Breymann’s Redoubt and
Sunday, September 29
7:15 a.m. Transportation starts to site of the Tactical
8 a.m. Tactical Battle Off Site for Reenactors only
10 a.m. Tactical Ends
TBA Church Service in respective camps
11:30 a.m. Limited Encampment and Interpretive Areas Open
1:30 p.m. Encampment and Interpretive Areas Closed
2:30 p.m. Tactical Demonstration on Barber’s Wheat Field
4 p.m. Reenactors Pack Up for Trip Home.
The focus of the 225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga is interpretation. We are asking units to work in one of the interpretation areas listed above. Some examples of the organizers' vision are the Company of Select Marksman would be in Fraser’s Advance Corp with some of their interpretation including taking visitors on patrol with them between the two camps; at General Gates’ or General Burgoyne’s Headquarters the visitors will be able to see the sights of the Revolutionary War surrounding them as interpreters demonstrate 18th Century actions of Generals office during the Saratoga campaign; visitors will receive passes that allow them to cross through the army lines; or see how General Burgoyne hid secret messages in letters.
We want to give the visitors a chance to learn about what solders ate, where they slept, how they worked -- and how they played. Please plan your participation in this event with the focus of interpretation in mind. We are planning this event similar to many of the events at Colonial Williamsburg or the Continental Line event at Mount Vernon.
The 225th Remembrance of the BattleS of Saratoga will provide a chance for battlefield tactics. Planned on Saturday is an assault on Breymann’s Redoubt followed by a moving memorial service. On Sunday morning there will be an off-site tactical battle and in the afternoon their will be a tactical weapons demonstration on Barber’s Wheat Field. So there will be plenty of opportunity to fire your musket or cannon but what makes this event special is the focus on interpretation of the Battles. It is an opportunity to share love for our heritage through living history.
Other Major Events Being Planned To Celebrate the 225th of the Battles of Saratoga
Note these events are not being planned by the Select Regiments of Saratoga but are being shared as part of a partnership with of the National Park Service, the Saratoga County Board of Supervisors, The Center for Heritage Education and Tourism, other Reenactors and many community organizations.
Saratoga County Fair - July 9-14 in Ballston Spa
The Saratoga County Board of Supervisors and the Center for Heritage Education and Tourism (CHET) will make the sights and sounds of the 18th Century come to life at the Saratoga County Fair as part of the Celebration of the 225th Anniversary of Battles of Saratoga and the Surrender of Burgoyne. Highlighted as part of the celebration will be an 18th Century Children’s Discovery Center. The 18th Century Children's Discovery Center offers parents and children the chance to learn together - learning though play about what solders ate, where they slept, how they worked -- and how they played. At the Children’s Discovery Center, visitors will step back in time and experience the lives of 18th Century people at interactive displays:
March Like Them! Follow in the footsteps of the Recruiting Officer as they march through the fair recruiting soldiers for the army.
Look Like Them! Try on colonial costumes and pose for photos with mom and dad.
Work Like Them! Explore the artisans and imagine yourself as an apprentice.
Play Like Them! Join the fun! Play 18th Century games at the fair.
Paid Like Them! Exchange your hard work in the army for Colonial Currency.
Laugh Like Them! Enjoy interactive 18th Century entertainment.
In addition, the Fair will host the National Park Service 225th of the American Revolution Display.
Battles of Saratoga Military Tattoo - TBA at The Saratoga Race Track
Middlesex County Volunteers – They are considered one of the best fife and drum corps in the United States.
Schenectady Pipe Band – The Schenectady Pipe Band is one of the oldest bagpipe bands in the United States.
The US Army Band – The Ceremonial Band - The Band's primary mission is to support military funerals in Arlington National Cemetery. The Band also supports wreath laying ceremonies for visiting dignitaries at the Tomb of the Unknowns, arrival and departure ceremonies at the White House and the Pentagon and special reviews.
2nd Battle of Saratoga - October 12 & 13 in the Town of Saratoga
The Surrender March of Burgoyne - October 19 in Village of Victory,
Village of Schuylerville and the Town of Saratoga
These are some of the major events being planned but there are a whole host of events and activities being planned including historical lectures, dinners, reading study groups, hikes, commemorations, dances, etc. New York Racing Association is working on naming a stakes horse race on Labor Day weekend at the Saratoga Horse Race Track. Stewarts Shoppes are going to name an ice cream in honor of the Battles. The County Chamber of Commerce and the I Love New York tourism campaign are going to promote the events in numerous national and regional publications. There is a number of events happening and we hope that your unit will join us in the celebration.
Select Regiments of Saratoga
are proud to announce their participation in a series of events celebrating
the 225th Anniversary of the invasion of the Champlain, Mohawk, and Hudson Valley in 1777
The Northern Campaign
Come and be a witness to history as the campaign winds its way to the Battles of Saratoga, considered the the Turning Point of the American Revolution and the most decisive battle of the past millennium. This unforgettable story will be told through re-enactments and special events, many on the original sites where they occurred during the summer and fall of 1777.
2002 calendar events
June 1-2 Fort #4 – Charlestown, NH
September 7-8 Brown’s Raid, Fort Ticonderoga – Ticonderoga, NY
June 15-16 Ethan Allen Days – Sunderland, VT
June 22-23 Crown Point – Crown Point, NY
September 27-29 225th Remembrance of the Battles of Saratoga, Saratoga National Historic Park – Stillwater, NY
July 5-7 Battle of Hubbardton - Hubbardton, VT
July 9-14 18th Century Children’s Discovery Center, Saratoga County Fair – Ballston Spa, NY
October 5-6 West Point/Fort Montgomery – Fort Montgomery, NY
July 13-14 Battle of Fort Anne – Fort Anne, NY
October 12-13 2nd Battle of Saratoga – Saratoga, NY
July 27-28 Soldiers on the Mount, Mount Independence – Orwell, VT
August 3-5 Siege of Fort Stanwix/ Battle of Oriskany – Rome, NY
October 19 Surrender March of Burgoyne – Saratoga, NY
August 10-12 Battle of the Flockey, Old Stone Fort Museum - Schoharie, NY
October 19-20 Burning of Kingston – Kingston, NY
August 17-18 Battle of Bennington – Bennington, VT
October 20 General Burgoyne is a prisoner at General Philip Schuyler, Schuyler Mansion – Albany, NY
For more information on The Northern Campaign visit http://www.thenortherncampaign.org
If your unit is interested in attending 225th Remembrance of the Battle of Saratoga please fill out the enclosed form and mail it by November 30, 2001, to Sean Kelleher, Select Regiments of Saratoga, 50 Pinewood Avenue, Albany, NY 12208, or e-mail a request for application in an electronic form to email@example.com. If you have any questions call (518) 438-9113. Thank you for your interest and I hope that you will join us in celebrating the Turning Point of the American Revolution .
Your most humble and obedient Servant,
50 Pinewood Avenue
Albany, NY 12208